A disaster is something very bad that happens to people and almost always changes their lives completely. Disasters can destroy homes and many kinds of work. Disasters can be of different kinds, but most are caused by forces of nature.
Natural disasters may include avalanches (where snow comes down a mountain), cold (where animals and people freeze), diseases (sicknesses), droughts (when there is no water), earthquakes (where the ground moves), famine (where there is not enough food), fire (that burns things and people), flood (where rivers grow too big and invade land), hail (hard ice falls like rain), heat that lowers the water supply, hurricanes that break everything, landslides and mudslides (where the top of the ground moves because of extra water), sink holes (where a cave falls in), solar flares (where the sun reaches out at the earth and burns it),storm surge (where water piles up and then suddenly comes on land), thunderstorms (rain with lightning and thunder), tornadoes (currents of wind that break things), tsunami (where a wall of water comes on land), volcanoes (where lava from inside the earth comes out slowly or shoots into the air), a waterspout (like a tornado on water), or winter storms (where snow falls thick and you cannot see).
disaster– katasztrófa, szerencsétlenség
to happen to – valami történik valakivel/valamivel
completely – teljesen
to destroy – tönkretenni, lerombolni
to be caused by – valami által okozva lenni
forces of nature – természet erői
to include – magába foglalni
avalanche – lavina
to freeze – megfagyni
disease – betegség
drought – szárazság
earthquake – földrengés
ground – föld
famine – éhínség
flood – árvíz
to invade – betörni, megszállni
hail – jégeső
to lower – csökkenteni
water supply – vízellátás, víz utánpótlás
landslide – földcsuszamlás
mudslide – földcsuszamlás, “sárlavina”
sink hole – víznyelő
cave – barlang
solar flare – napkitörés
storm surge – vihar-roham
to pile up – felgyülemlik
thunderstorm – zivatar, vihar
lightning – villámlás
thunder – mennydörgés
current – áramlás, áramlat
waterspout – víztölcsér
Use the following words in the definitions below!/Használd a következő szavakat az alábbi definícióknál!
a. ………. is a long period with little or no rain.
b. ………. is a sudden violent movement of the surface of the earth, caused by the shifting of the earth’s tectonic plates.
c. ………. is when huge areas of woodland are alight, often caused by someone carelessly throwing a cigarette.
d. ………. is when an area of dry land becomes covered in water, often forcing people to leave their homes.
e. ………. are very strong circular winds which suck things up.
f. ………. is a huge wave which builds up in the sea over thousands of mile
g. ………. is a very powerful storm, often at sea.
h. ……… a large mountain which erupts and sends rocks up into the air and hot liquid rock flows down the side.
Answers: a-6, b-4, c-1, d-5, e-3, f-8, g-2, h-7